Links and References
Swedo SE, Leonard HL, Garvey M, et al. Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections: clinical description of the first 50 cases. The American journal of psychiatry. Feb 1998; 155(2):264-271.
Murphy ML, Pichichero ME. Prospective identification and treatment of children with pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with group A streptococcal infection (PANDAS). Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine. Apr 2002; 156(4):356-361.
Swedo SE, J.F. Leckman, and N.R. Rose. From Research Subgroup to Clinical Syndrome: Modifying the PANDAS Criteria to Descride PANS (Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome). Pediatric Theraputics 2. 2012.
Perlmutter SJ, Leitman SF, Garvey MA, et al. Therapeutic plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin for obsessive-compulsive disorder and tic disorders in childhood. Lancet. Oct 2 1999;354(9185):1153-1158.
Beta-Tubulin antibodies, Dopamin 1 antibodies, Dopamin 2 antibodies, Lyso GM1 antibodies, CAM-kinase activity and Interpretation of results.
Lim et al. Comments on the dopamine 2 receptor antibodies of Oxford researchers in autoimmune diseases in neurology. Brain 2012.
Dale et al. Not PANDAS researchers but open to OCD may be autoimmune. Dopamine-2 receptor. Brain, 2012, 135: 3453 to 3468.
Dale et al. Independent overview. Not PANDAS researchers but open to OCD may be autoimmune. J Child Neurol. 2012 Nov; 27 (11):1470-81.
Kirvan CA, Swedo SE, Snider LA, Cunningham MW. Antibody-mediated neuronal cell signaling in behavior and movement disorders. Journal of Neuroimmunology. Oct 2006; 179(1-2):173-179.
Kirvan CA, Cox CJ, Swedo SE, Cunningham MW. Tubulin is a neuronal target of autoantibodies in Sydenham’s chorea. J Immunol. Jun 1 2007; 178(11):7412-7421.
Kirvan CA, Swedo SE, Heuser JS, Cunningham MW. Mimicry and autoantibody-mediated neuronal cell signaling in Sydenham chorea. Nature medicine. Jul 2003;9(7):914-920.
Krause and Müller. Review on Tourette's syndrom and relation to infections. The Open Neurology Journal, 2012, 6, (Suppl 1-M8) 124-128.
Leckman JF, King RA, Gilbert DL, et al. Streptococcal upper respiratory tract infections and exacerbations of tic and obsessive-compulsive symptoms: a prospective longitudinal study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Feb 2011; 50(2):108-118 e103.
Brimberg L, Benhar I, Mascaro-Blanco A, et al. Behavioral, pharmacological, and immunological abnormalities after streptococcal exposure: a novel rat model of Sydenham chorea and related neuropsychiatric disorders. Neuropsychopharmacology: official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. Aug 2012; 37(9):2076-2087.
Other selected references
Allen AJ, Leonard HL, Swedo SE. Case study: a new infection-triggered, autoimmune subtype of pediatric OCD and Tourette’s syndrome. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1995 34: 307-311.
Besiroglu L, Agargun MY, Ozbebit O, Sozen M, Dilek I, Gulec M. [Therapeutic response to plasmapheresis in four cases with obsessive-compulsive disorder and tic disorder triggered by streptococcal infections]. Turk psikiyatri dergisi = Turkish journal of psychiatry. Fall 2007; 18(3):270-276.
Bombaci M, Grifantini R, Mora M, et al. Protein array profiling of tic patient sera reveals a broad range and enhanced immune response against Group A Streptococcus antigens. PloS one. 2009; 4(7):e6332.
Chapman AH, Pilkey L, Gibbons MJ. A psychosomatic study of eight children with Sydenham’s chorea. Pediatrics. Apr 1958; 21(4):582-595.
Church AJ, Dale RC, Lees AJ, Giovannoni G, Robertson MM. Tourette’s syndrome: a cross sectional study to examine the PANDAS hypothesis. Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry. May 2003; 74(5):602-607.
Cleary PP, Zhang Y, Park HS. Nasal associated lymphoid tissue & M cells, a window to persistent streptococcal infections. The Indian journal of medical research. May 2004; 119 Suppl:57-60.
Cohen DJ, Leckman JF. Developmental psychopathology and neurobiology of Tourette’s syndrome. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Jan 1994; 33(1):2-
Cohen DJ, Leckman JF, Pauls D. Neuropsychiatric disorders of childhood: Tourette’s syndrome as a model. Acta Paediatr Suppl. Jul 1997; 422:106-111.
Cohen DJ, Leckman JF. Tourette’s syndrome. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association. Apr 3 1991; 265(13):1738.
Cunningham MW. Streptococcus and rheumatic fever. Current opinion in rheumatology. Jul 2012; 24(4):408-416.
Dale RC, Church AJ, Heyman I. Striatal encephalitis after varicella zoster infection complicated by Tourettism. Movement disorders: official journal of the Movement Disorder Society. Dec 2003; 18(12):1554-1556.
Dale RC, Heyman I, Giovannoni G, Church AW. Incidence of anti-brain antibodies in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder. The British journal of psychiatry: the journal of mental science. Oct 2005; 187:314-319.
Dale RC, Merheb V, Pillai S, et al. Antibodies to surface dopamine-2 receptor in autoimmune movement and psychiatric disorders. Brain: a journal of neurology. Nov 2012; 135(Pt 11):3453-3468.
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Findley DB, Leckman JF, Katsovich L, et al. Development of the Yale Children’s Global Stress Index (YCGSI) and its application in children and adolescents ith Tourette’s syndrome and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Apr 2003; 42(4):450-457.
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Giedd JN, Rapoport JL, Garvey MA, Perlmutter S, Swedo SE. MRI assessment of children with obsessive-compulsive disorder or tics associated with streptococcal infection. The American journal of psychiatry. Feb 2000; 157(2):281-283.
Grimshaw L. Obsessional Disorder and Neurological Illness. Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry. Jun 1964;27:229-231.
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Hoekstra PJ, Minderaa RB, Kallenberg CG. Lack of effect of intravenous immunoglobulins on tics: a double-blind placebo-controlled study. The Journal of clinical psychiatry. Apr 2004; 65(4):537-542.
Kansy JW, Katsovich L, McIver KS, et al. Identification of pyruvate kinase as an antigen associated with Tourette syndrome. Journal of neuroimmunology. Dec 2006; 181(1-2):165-176.
Leonard HL, Swedo SE, Garvey M, et al. Postinfectious and other forms of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America. Jul 1999; 8(3):497-511.
Leslie DL, Kozma L, Martin A, et al. Neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection: a case-control study among privately insured children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Oct 2008; 47(10):1166-1172.
Lin H, Katsovich L, Ghebremichael M, et al. Psychosocial stress predicts future symptom severities in children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome and/or obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines. Feb 2007; 48(2):157-166.
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Nicolson R, Swedo SE, Lenane M, et al. An open trial of plasma exchange in childhood-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder without poststreptococcal exacerbations. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Oct 2000; 39(10):1313-1315.
Pavone P, Bianchini R, Parano E, et al. Anti-brain antibodies in PANDAS versus uncomplicated streptococcal infection. Pediatric neurology. Feb 2004; 30(2):107-110.
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Snider LA, Swedo SE. PANDAS: current status and directions for research. Mol Psychiatry. 2004 Oct; 9(10):900
Swedo SE, Garvey M, Snider L, Hamilton C, Leonard HL. The PANDAS subgroup: recognition and treatment. CNS spectrums. May 2001; 6(5):419-422, 425-416.
Swedo SE, Leonard HL, Kiessling LS. Speculations on antineuronal antibody-mediated neuropsychiatric disorders of childhood. Pediatrics. Feb 1994; 93(2):323-326.
Swedo SE, Rapoport JL, Cheslow DL, et al. High prevalence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in patients with Sydenham’s chorea. The American journal of psychiatry. Feb 1989; 146(2):246-249.
Taranta A, Stollerman GH. The relationship of Sydenham’s chorea to infection with group A streptococci. The American journal of medicine. Feb 1956; 20(2):170-175.
Wang B, Li S, Southern PJ, Cleary PP. Streptococcal modulation of cellular invasion via TGF-beta1 signaling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Feb 14 2006; 103(7):2380-2385.